Causes of anemia and treatment

أسباب الانيميا وعلاجها

Who among us does not suffer from permanent fatigue?! Who among us does not suffer from annoying and continuous headaches and does not know the cause? Are you tired of repeating medical tests, especially CBC analysis to follow up on hemoglobin and numbers of blood cells? Do you know the causes of all the symptoms you feel? Did you know that anemia is the main cause of any disturbing symptoms that we may feel? What is anemia and what are its most prominent symptoms? What are the causes that lead to anemia? How can you get rid of the annoying symptoms of anemia and treat it permanently? To answer all these questions, follow us.

ما هي الانيميا

Anemia is simply a decrease in the number of red blood cells, or a decrease in the percentage of the basic component of red blood cells from the normal level, which is hemoglobin, and the function of red blood cells can be summarized in that it is responsible for transporting sufficient oxygen to all cells of the organs of the body, which helps them to carry out all functions of the body , In addition to taking carbon dioxide from the cells, and therefore without the presence of these cells, your body cannot perform its own vital operations.
Anemia, or what is known as anemia, is considered one of the most common diseases in all parts of the world, and it affects all age groups, including newborns, children, adolescents, youth, the elderly, and women.

What are the most obvious symptoms that indicate that you have anemia?

The constant feeling of fatigue and general exhaustion when doing any simple effort.
Annoying and persistent headaches in various parts of the head.
Not being able to see clearly most of the time.
Dizziness, unexpected lightheadedness, and feeling unable to stand up from time to time.
Obvious weight loss, which may lead to thinness.
Excessive and unjustified nervousness.
Constant feeling of coldness in the extremities and pain in the joints, bones, and muscles
Inability to walk or stand for long periods of time.
Sensation of an increase in heart rate.
Poor mental state and may enter into a state of depression.
Irregular blood pressure.
Continuous hair loss and hair damage, as well as weak and easily broken nails.
Inability to sleep continuously.
An imbalance in the hormones of the glands, especially the endocrine gland.

What are the known types of anemia?

iron deficiency anemia
It is due to the inability of the bone marrow (which is a spongy substance found in most of the large bone cavities) to produce red blood cells due to the lack of iron, which is the main component of the hemoglobin protein that forms red blood cells.
Children and pregnant women often suffer from iron deficiency anemia
Anemia of vitamin B12 deficiency, also known as malignant anemia and pernicious anemia
This type occurs due to a lack of vitamin B12 that contributes to the formation of red blood cells.
This type of anemia often affects women and the elderly.
Hemolytic anemia
This is due to the rapid death of red blood cells and their failure to spend their normal life, which is 120 days, which leads to an increase in the productive capacity of the bone marrow to keep pace with the decrease in the number of red blood cells, with time the bone marrow loses the ability to produce the increased; Which leads to the decomposition of blood cells and the occurrence of hemolytic anemia.

Sickle cell anemia
It is called by this name due to the shape of the red blood cells, which are in sickle and crescent shape, due to a change in the shape of the hemoglobin protein, and these cells are usually not flexible; When they pass through the blood vessels, they explode, and here the bone marrow cells try to increase the production of blood cells, but they cannot keep up with the speed of destruction of red blood cells, which leads to sickle cell anemia.
5. Mediterranean Anemia
Which is known as thalassemia, and it is considered a genetic disease, and often the person with this type of anemia needs continuous blood transfusions, which leads to the accumulation of iron and its deposition in the cells of the body, and in the endocrine glands, pancreas, and liver, and harms them.

What are the main causes of anemia?

Malnutrition, which results in a deficiency of iron and thus causes anemia.
Lack of some important vitamins and minerals for the body, the most important of which is vitamin B12, which helps to manufacture red blood cells, folate, and copper.
The menstrual cycle in women, which represents the loss of large numbers of red blood cells, which leads to the risk of anemia, as well as bleeding in general.
Crohn’s disease and celiac disease affect the absorption of food in the small intestine, which increases the risk of anemia.
Pregnancy, lack of intake of important vitamins and necessary proteins, as well as poor diet.
Chronic diseases such as cancer, kidney failure, fracture, and other chronic diseases lead to anemia.
Ulcers occur inside the body, and then blood loss occurs slowly and thus consumption of iron stores in the body occurs, which causes anemia.
Your family history of genetic conditions, such as sickle cell anemia.
Addiction to alcohol, toxic chemicals, and excessive use of some medications increase the chance of anemia.
Age: People over the age of 70 are more likely to develop anemia.

What are the ways to treat anemia?

The treatment of anemia depends on its type, so anemia can be treated by:

If you suffer from anemia due to iron deficiency, it can be treated with iron supplements, and the duration of treatment is 3:6 months. Or by injecting iron, or injecting red blood cells, your doctor can determine the right one for you
And if you suffer from anemia due to a lack of vitamin B12, then the treatment is easy by eating food that contains vitamin B12 and important proteins such as: meat, liver, grains, and dairy products, or you can take supplements containing vitamin B12, whether they are pills. Or injections or sprays, your doctor determines the best way.
If you suffer from anemia due to folic acid deficiency, you can focus on eating foods that contain it, such as: broccoli, cabbage, peas, asparagus, fruits, and rice. You can also take folic acid supplements, which is a B vitamin.
If you suffer from anemia due to chronic diseases, it would be best to treat the cause of the chronic disease.
Eat foods that contain vitamin C, such as: citrus fruits (oranges), as well as peppers, green broccoli, strawberries, tomatoes, lemons, and oranges.
You must follow up with your doctor constantly

طرق علاج الانيميا
طرق علاج الانيميا

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